Throughout history, there have been many civilizations that have influenced architecture as we know it. Characteristics such as shape, design, artwork and structure have gone through different stages and developed into how we perceive modern architecture. In this blog, we’ll take you back over 10,000 years where the most basic form of architecture began and slowly bring you into much more influential civilizations that we are still building off of today.
Prehistoric architecture was without a doubt mankind’s first effort to establish their own environment with basic shapes and symbols. Although we don’t use much from prehistoric architecture, it laid the foundation for what was to come in later years. We were able to build-off of these basic structures and discover more functional ways to design and develop.
Although there were many different civilizations progressing during this time (c.3200-323 BCE), the Egyptians had the biggest influence on modern architecture.
As we know, the Egyptian pyramids weren’t complex structures, but very important aspects to architecture, such as weight distribution, was implemented flawlessly. At this time in history, building the pyramids was quite an amazing feat. This allowed them to create enormous and iconic structures that we still marvel at today.
Greek architecture reinvented architecture in western civilization. They were the first to create truly aesthetically pleasing structures, that were later adopted by Roman architecture.
The three phases of Greek Architecture were Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. The Doric and Ionic Styles introduced columns in major structures. The Corinthian Styles projected a more decorative style that became very popular around the world.
Roman architecture played a huge roll in the development of modern architecture. Yes, Romans adopted much of their style from the Greeks, but Roman buildings were highly ornate and developed numerous creative concepts that are still used today.
Very few civilizations had every reached the size of the Roman Empire, so with that, they felt the need to establish an architectural style no one had ever seen. On no occasion had the world witnessed such majestic, large-scale and functional buildings. These themselves were a symbol of power and influence.